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Critical Appraisal and Systematic Review Resouces





Critical Appraisal 

An important skill to develop as a researcher is to be able to critically appraise other research and research papers.

To help with this the library has created a reading list of critical appraisal resources - the list is primarily aimed at health and medicine, but should also be useful to other subjects.

The Leicester Learning Institute also provides some resources on developing your critical thinking skills.

Systematic Reviews

A systematic review is a type of literature review that attempts to find all published and unpublished material on a specific research question.

It is a common methodology used in health and medicine, but is also starting to be used in other subject areas.

If you are conducting a systematic review then the library could help you:

The library has also created a reading list of systematic review resources.

If you would like further help please email librarians@le.ac.uk


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1)    Open up PowerPoint and place your cursor where you wish to insert a citation or a reference.
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6)    Click on Insert.

You will need to insert the citation and the references separately as this is not a Cite While You Write toolbar like the one in Word.






















Inserting special characters in EndNote/RefWorks


When importing references into software like EndNote or RefWorks you might find special characters and diacritical marks are stripped out.

You can edit the reference in the software and re-insert the appropriate character in several ways:
1) Copy and past the character in.

2) If you using a Windows computer with a number pad you can hold down the ALT key and type in a numerical code for the character you want e.g. ALT 130 will insert é.

There is a list of Alt Codes available at http://www.alt-codes.net/

Penn State University has an excellent guide to typing in accents and special characters in Windows or Macs. Including Alt codes, Mac codes and how to use the character map/viewer.

These tips can also be applied in other software and web interfaces, as well as in bibliographic software. ☺ = ALT 1

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First get the PDFs into EndNote:

- Import references from literature databases.

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- Set-up the 'OpenURL Link' Feature.











Choose the references you wish to search and set the search field to PDF: